Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP)

Indications: Severe respiratory distress and signs and symptoms of acute pulmonary edema or COPD.

CPAP: If the patient is ≥ 18 years of age, with a stable and protected airway and presenting tachypneic, normotensive with an SPO2 < 90% and utilizing accessory muscles to breath and able to cooperate utilize CPAP.

The patient must not be suffering from asthma exacerbation or a suspected pneumothorax and they must not have any major burns to the head or torso or a tracheostomy.

Begin with an initial setting of 5cm H2O (or equivalent flow rate of device as per base hospital direction) and titrate every 5 minutes by an additional 2.5cm H2O to a maximum setting of 15cm H2O.

Procedure

Removal Procedure